TITLE: The Gang-of-Four Book at Fifteen AUTHOR: Eugene Wallingford DATE: November 18, 2009 6:45 AM DESC: ----- BODY: One of the fun parts of teaching software engineering this semester has been revisiting some basic patterns in the design part of the course, and now as we discuss refactoring in the part of the course that deals with implementation and maintenance. 2009 is the 15th anniversary of the publication of Design Patterns, the book that launched software patterns into the consciousness of mainstream developers. Some folks reminisced about the event at OOPSLA this year, but I wasn't able to make it to Orlando. OOPSLA 2004 had a great 10th-anniversary celebration, which I had the good fortune to attend and write about. I wasn't present at OOPSLA in 1994, when the book created an unprecedented spectacle in the exhibit hall; that just predates my own debut at OOPSLA. But wish I had been! InformIT recently ran a series of interviews with OO and patterns luminaries, sharing their thoughts on the book and on how patterns have changed the landscape of software development. The interview with Brian Foote had a passage that I really liked:
InformIT: How has Design Patterns changed your impressions about the way software is built?This insight gets to the heart of why patterns matter. Other forms of reuse have their place and use, but they operate at a code level that is ultimately fragile in the face of the different contexts in which our programs operate. So they are, by necessity, limited as vehicles for reuse. Design ideas are less specific, more malleable. They apply in a million contexts, though never in quite the same way. We mold them to the context of our program. The patterns we see in our designs and tests and implementations give us the abstract raw material out of which to create our programs. We still strive for reuse, but at a different level of thinking and working. Read the full interview linked above. It is typical Brian Foote: entertaining and full of ideas presented slightly askew from the typical vantage point. That twist helps me to think differently about things that may have otherwise become commonplace. And as so often happens, I had to look a word up in the dictionary before I reached the end. I always seem to learn something from Brian! -----
The vision of reuse that we had in the object-oriented community in hindsight seems like a God that Failed. Just as the Space Shuttle never lived up to its promised reuse potential, libraries, frameworks, and components, while effective in as far as they went, never became foundations of routine software reuse that many had envisioned and hoped.
Instead, designs themselves, design ideas, patterns became the loci of reuse. We craft our ideas, by hand, into each new artifact we build.