... coming soon
- In class we listened to two different presentations.
The first covered warranties and the importance that
they hold. The two types of warranties that were looked
at in greater detail were express and implied. We also
learned when exactly warranties apply to a certain item
and when they don't apply. For example: warranties don't
apply to acts of God. The second presentation that we
listened to focused on standardization. We had to get
into groups and first compile a list of items that are
standardized. Then we had to think of a few reasons of
what would happen if things weren't standardized. Finally
we brainstormed the advantages and disadvantages to
standardization. The presenters focused a little on de
facto and de jure. De facto is when the rules are implied
but not written down. De jure is when the rules
are written down and carried out in the law.
- Today in class there were two presentations. The first
one was on warranties. He gave everyone in the class a
pre-quiz. It was true/false and multiple choice. He
then told us to correct them as he gives his speech.
He gave us definitions of warranties and types of
warranties. He also told us some of the laws of warranties. The
second speech was on standardization. They had us get into groups and
discuss three questions. The first was to list ten items that were
standardized. Basically, most items you think of are standardized in
some way. The second was to list two or three reasons why life would
be harder if nothing was standardized. If you would purchase the same
thing twice, it really wouldn't be the exact same thing if it was not
standardized. The third was to think of a product, list two or three
reasons it would be advantageous to standardize that product, then
list two or three disadvantages. We chose soda and said since it is
standardized you always know what it is going to taste like.
[But that's not an example of standardization. Each soda has its
own taste, and the manufacturer can even change the taste, if it
disadvantage would be that you might never know if that type of soda
could have a better taste or maybe be healthier.
- The presentation on warranties had some very interesting points that I
was not aware of. The main thing I got from the presentation was that
products must include a warranty if they cost $15 or more. These
included warranties must include what is covered under the warranty,
the period of time the user has before the warranty is void, and
who/how to get ahold of the company to claim the warranty. I didn't
realize that a warranty is set into place whenever the product is put
into use. Although many of the products we purchase are pretty much
used right away, products such as carpeting are often installed a while
after it is actually purchased. The warranty then begins to cover the
carpet when it is installed. Warranties can either be expressed
warranties or implied warranties. The warranty that I personally see
quite often is the Limited Warranty. This warranty is rather ambiguous
in that not many things are covered under it. Basically it only
applies to defects in workmanship, not natural occurrences, such as
lightning and power surges.
Standardization provides a basis throughout governments world wide.
Countries that are looking to advance their governments a little
further, they can turn to successful governments and model after them.
The method of de facto standardization is a much faster process than de
jure standardization because it does not involve legality issues. We
got into groups to discuss various products that we thought were
standardized and came up with quite a list. Some of the products that
were mentioned were keyboards, motor oil, pens, chairs, and playing
- The first speech given was on warranties. He began by handing out a
quiz to test the knowledge of the class regarding this topic which
outlined his speech. I got 6 out of 7 questions corrrect if you were
wondering. The second presentation consisted of two people. They
first broke us into groups and asked us to list 10 items that are
standardized. They also asked us to list a couple of reasons why life
would be harder if nothing was standardized. We thought that lack of
comparability and increased price would be two reasons. We then has to
think of a product and list 2 or 3 advantages to standardize our
product and 2-3 disadvantages. The product we chose was a bottle of
pop. The adv. we came up with were identicle taste everytime as well
as lower cost to the consumer. The disadv. were the inability to know
if the product could be improved and that it takes away from
creativity. We then were slip into 4 groups and asked to come up with
a standardization for communication. We felt that making english the
world language would be an adequate example.
Overall, I felt that both presentations went well and provided useful
information to the class.
- Warranties- the legal rights that owners have with a product.
The first guy spoke about warranties. He told how there are the
implied and express warranties. Implied are the unspoken or unwritten
warranties. It says that goods must be able to do what they are
supposed to do. It is promised at the condition and time sold. These
do not cover abuse or misuse of products. The expressed warranties are
more of a limited warranty that can come with some products. These
also do not cover acts of God.
The next presentation was on standardized items. We got into groups
and talked about items we knew of that are standardized. We picked
rulers, pop, paper, tests, cars. Then we talked about how life would
be harder with nothing standardized. We would have nothing to compare
things with or no order to life. It would also make things more
expensive because of the lack of bulk production. We then chose a
bottle of pop to analyze the advantages and disadvantages. The
advantages were that it is easier to produce and it would be the same
every time so there would not be difficulties in stocking machines and
stores. The disadvantages we thought of was that tast could be better
if it wasn't standardized and it also takes away from creativity.
The group explained how the ISO gives a basis for things to be done and
be safe. We then talked about how we could standardize language and we
thought about a one world language. But we also thought that would be
impossible and it would never happen. People are stubborn and would
not want to give up their ways. Also, God confused our languages a
long time ago at the tower of Babel because humans were thinking more
highly of themselves than was true so God helped to humble them. If we
think we are cool enough now to try and make something of ourselves by
starting another one world language then we better get ready for some
more confusion:) The group then explained better what a standardized
example of language could be. I could not understand them because it
was read so fast and over my head. Good presentation though!
- In class on Thursday we had two different presentations. The first
Federal Trade commission states that all products over 15 dollars
must contain a written warranty. All warranties go into effect at the
time of purchase for some products, but also at the time of
installment, or the beginning of use.
One kind of warranties are expressed, not by state law, but
because the designer is saying his product is good. The other,
implied, is like merchantibility. This is usually 4 years. The two
subtypes of express warranties are limited and full. Full warranties
are not very common.
We also had a a presentation on Standardization:
ISO is a company of standardizing. There are two kinds DeJure and
Defacto. Dejure gives us a basis for health and safety. There are
different levels of this. It is created for international
standardization. Defacto are rules that are there but are not written.
- On Thursday, November 13, there were basically two presentations. One
involved warranties and the other was concerning standardization.
The first presentation of warranties basically presented an
overview of how warranties work and what types of warranties there are. He
mentioned something that I found quite interesting which is that whether
a warranty is included with a product, it is still warrantied.
The other presentation, about standardization, discussed the
advantages and disadvantages of standardization. One advantage of
standardization was that everybody knows how to use the standardized object and
making a mistake in using it is less likely. A disadvantage of standardization
mentioned was the repression of creativity in finding a better way to do
a task because it would be so difficult to convince people that it is