... coming soon
These robots are a very big deal in Japan because of an old Japanese cartoon called "Atom Boy"
The military would like to use these robots in battle because it could mean that less people would have to go into battle.
The problem with these robots is the lack of interest by non Japanese engineers and the idea that robots would someday take away our jobs.
KISMET is a sociable robot designed by a woman at MIT, he is designed to interact so that humans accept him as a human also. He has the ability to pay attention, and can also engage humans on an emotional level with vocal, facial expressions, and motor skills.
As of right now robots are used for a number of things such as painting and assembling products. In fact, the California DOT even uses robots to lay cones, seal cracks in the roads, and collect litter.
The third presentation discussed two other robots besides KISMET, they are Asimo and Leonardo. Asimo is 4' tall and wieghs 115 lbs. he has 26 degrees of motion and can turn while he is walking. he is a fully independent humanoid robot and he can also climb stairs and recognize objects. This was a very interesting bit of information because i thought that these robots were only in the movies.
Leonardo, has 61 degrees of movement with 32 of them being in the face. he does not walk but can communicate meaning that he can speak and hear. HE is the most expensive robot in the world and he even has skin so that he can feel touch.
The class then continued the discussion about whether we would like robots to do some of the jobs in our work force today such as doctors and things like that and we basically came to the understanding that it would be neat but many of us would not feel comfortable.
The second presentation, also on sociable robots, angled her discussion by giving examples of different robots and their functions. Similar to the first speaker, she also began by explaining that for a robot to operate, it must be as closely related to a living creature. Often its architecture is made from different metal alloys, a variety of plastics, and rubber. An example of robot is Kismet, which is a robot developed by a female scientist some time ago. Kismet is designed to promote emotional responses by focusing on skin, colors, and moving objects. Kismet can rotate its eyes and has a wide assortment of facial expressions. Similar to humans, KismetC-s ears can move, and its mouth can smile or frown.
The speaker explains that currently robots are used to go into dangerous situations, detect dangerous gasses, as well as other undesirable activities. Based on the presenterC-s research, the current computer intelligence is that of an insect, but by 2010 will be that of a lizard. Looking even farther away, by 2020, computers should be able to learn on the job and be more reliable than some humans, with the intelligence of a mouse. And looking far in to the future by 2040, it is projected that computer programs will be advanced enough to think, speak, and reason equal to that of a human.
As an introduction to the third presentation, the final presenter handed out discussion questions that asked students to answer whether they would feel comfortable with this technology, and should we prevent/limit this technology. This presenter also mentioned developed countries use of robots to perform dangerous tasks apart from humans, but stresses that robots are starting to be used for interaction with humans, in the everyday household. Another example of a sociable robot is Ossimo, developed by Honda in 1986. Ossimo is four feet, 115 pounds, and has 26 degrees of motions. Unlike other robots, Ossimo can now turn while moving. Ossimo is made out of magnesium alloy, with a plastic protective covering. He is designed to be independent and can climb stairs. The latest robot is Leonardo, named after Leonardo De Vinci, Leo has sixty-one ways of movement, is two and a half feet talk, canC-t walk but can speak, hear, and respond to touch. He is able to respond to touch by his skin which is actually composed of a network of sensors, sensitive to touch, that recognizes human expressions and interacts with them. To conclude the class period, we discussed the question of the possible consequences to the widespread use of robots. Professor Wallingford mentioned that many people see robots used in combat on the front line as a positive use, but would this make countries more adapt to declare war? Currently, small robots are used as a form of entertainment in games and movies but as this technology advances what will be the side affects of robotics for society?
The second presentation covered a lot of material and I'm sure I didn't write down all of it. [You don't have to! Your summary does a good job letting people know what happened... -- EW] But here goes. The ultimate goal is to have a compassionate, sociable robot that acts as a peer to humans. They would need a structure that is similar to humans and the materials that make up a robot were also discussed. Next we learned about a robot named Kismet. Kismet looks like the robot from Short Circuit. It is controlled by 15 computers and is very expressive with perceptual and motor modalities. There is a four-stage evolution to universal robots. Right now robots have the intelligence equivalence of an insect. They will progressively move up the ladder to have the intelligence of a lizard, a mouse, a monkey and finally a human in the year 2040.
Our last presentation covered some of the same material about Kismet. He also discussed how robots are being used for dangerous or undesirable jobs. We watched a couple of short movie clips about the robot Asimo from Honda. This robot is 4 foot tall and weighs 115 pounds. It has 26 degrees of motion and is fully independent. As I watched the clips and saw this robot walk up and down the stairs by itself, I was really amazed. It actually looked like a real person in a space suit. And then it saw a person waving at it, so it waved back. It was really cool but at the same time a little creepy. We also learned about the most expensive robot in the world, Leonardo, which has 61 degrees of motion. I was really amazed at the advancement of robots. I think they will definitely become more prevalent and more universal.
Kizmet is a robot that was designed to interact with humans such that people believed he was alive. He was controlled by 15 computers and is able to pay attention to moving things and saturated colors. Assimo is a robot that can walk in curves instead of having to stop turn and then move it can adjust its direction on the fly. It has 26 degrees of motion.
Leonardo was developed by the same person who developed kizmit. Leonardo has 61 degrees of motion and has the ability of touch. On a personal note I believe that robots may be very helpful in the future. It would be nice to have them be able to do some of the more dangerous jobs that humans currently do.
(mining, military, etc.) It was mentioned in class that although it would be advantageous to have robots on the front lines during war it was thought that perhaps this will not lead to saving lives, but to an increase in willingness to go to war. As well the concerns people have of job loss are also very valid. Machines and robots have the potential to do the work that it previously took many people to do, and they can do it tirelessly, do not need vacation or sick days, don't need benefits, parking space, and can work 24 hours a day. As a manufacturer this being an option is a no brainer.
Presentation 1- 5 Characteristics of sociable robots social interaction autonomy understand human behavior understand self socially situated learning Robotex- convention for personal robots in Japan Atom-Boy- Anime character linked to frenzy for sociable robots in Japan. Working on developing evolutionary robots- robots that learn from their emperiences Presentation 2- Robotics- word first used by Isaac Asimov Ultimate goal for robots-duplicate human actions and processes Hans Moravec- predicts robot intelligence leaping forward over the next 40 years Currently-insect level intelligence 2010-lizard level intelligence 2020- mouse level intelligence 2030- monkey level intelligence 2040- human level intelligence current applications modified trucks that lay cones in CA reduces fatal crashes, Project Alpha- robots replace humans on front lines during wars, Spike and Gladiator armored engines that search out landmines Presentation 3 Kismit- Cynthia Brazille, MIT designed to mimic children developing Ossimo- Honda Legs on a computer that can move in 26 directions and can walk curves Leonardo- Cynthia Brazille MIT w/ Stan Winston studios 67 degrees of movement doesn't walk but can move arms and torso looks like a Mogwai from the gremlins movies skin has sensors that feel and respond to touch
Class notes from 11-20-03 Capstone T/Th 1:00 George Regennitter #1Sociable Robots 5 aspects 1. social interaction 2. 3. understand human behavior 4. understanding self 5. socially situated learning Roboducts= expo for sociable robots in Japan -take care of elderly -do heavy prduction work -arymy applicadtions -sony has made one- walks, kicks, jumps - about twenty percent will be robots who don't need help #2 Robotic-branch of engineering dedicated to robots Kosmet-designed to appeal to people on a emotional level eyes, ears, eyebrows, eyelids, and lips move can park cars, walk into volcanos jobs- they can package drugs, investigate bombs, minds, road construction Roads to Universal Robots 2010 navigation roles-lizard 2020 adapt to jobs-mouse 2030 intelligencies- monkey 2040 think and understand- human work on ground, in air, and space assymo-27 motors walk on curves walk on its own climp stairs 1 mph Leonardo- can move head 61 degrees most expensive computer in the world can detect touch
These three presenters did there presentations on sociable robots. Presenter#1 social introduction economy-display motivation and initiation understand human behavior understanding self-model of self sociable situated learning- tutor learning Robo Dut- Takes place in Japan: EXPO, partner robots SDR-50cm tall:must be controlled by someone telling them what to do, threw wireless computers Main Program lack of intrest in other countries, other than Japan. Survival Robots going on today. Presenter #2 Sociable Robots-Study and use of robots. Must have body.(Steel, and Silacone) Kismet-Real life robot. Made by female scientist, two camaras behind eyes, nose, pays attention to everything around it. eyebrows can wink, and blink. Robots can do a lot of stuff humans can do but maybe more. Road to universal robots, by 2040 just like humans, talks about Japan presenting first information. California Department of Transportation: Uses Robots for sealing cracks, lay out cones, and other simple tasks. Presenter #3 Sociable Robots: They can go into more dangerous situations. Talks about Kismet also, built in 1997 @ MIT. has facial expressions, head up if happy and head down if sad. Osmo (Robot)-stands 4 feet tall and weighs 115 pounds, plastic shell, no control, fully on its own, climbs stairs with ease. Showed some video clips of robot, has tremendous balance. Leonardo next robot: 61 facial expressions, most expensive robot in the world, can detect touch and has reaction. Knows emotions of other people, video was suppose to show robot playing with a three button light up machine.